Dodgeball Rules


While our basic premise is for everyone to have fun…we still have to have rules.  Please review the rules below.  If you have any questions, your field refs will be happy to answer them.


Basic Rules

The Team: Teams will be made up of 6-12 players. Six (6) players will compete on a side; others will be available as substitutes.  At the start of each game, at least two players on the court must be female. If only 1 female or male is present to start a game then the team will have to play with only 5 players.  Substitutes may enter the game only during timeouts or in the case of injury. 


The Court: The game may be played indoors or outdoors. The playing field shall be a rectangle at least 60 ft long and at least 30 ft wide, divided into two (2) equal sections by a center-line and attack-lines 4 feet from, and parallel to the centerline.

IDEAL MEASUREMENTS: 60’ x 30’ – Identical to a volleyball court. playing area


The Equipment: The official ball used in tournament and league play will be an 8.25" rubber-coated foam ball.


The Game: The object of the game is to eliminate all opposing players by getting them "OUT". This may be done by:

  1. Hitting an opposing player with a LIVE thrown ball below the shoulders.
  2. Catching a LIVE ball thrown by your opponent before it touches the ground.
  3. If a player is hit by a live ball rebounding off another player or rebounding off a ball lying on the court.
  4. When a defending player catches a thrown ball, the catcher’s team can have a player return from the queue in the order they were put "out" (i.e. first "out," first "in").
  5. If a ball is thrown right before a player has been deemed out, the ball is still considered a live ball until it hits an object.

Definition: LIVE: A ball that has been thrown and has not touched anything, including the floor/ground, another ball, another player, official or other item outside of the playing field (wall, ceiling, etc)


Boundaries: During play, all players must remain within the boundary lines. Players may leave the boundaries through their end-line only to retrieve stray balls. They must also return through their end-line.


The Opening Rush: Game begins by placing the dodgeballs along the centerline – three (3) on one side of the center hash and three (3) on the other. Players then take a position behind their end line. Following a signal by the official, teams may approach the centerline to retrieve the balls. This signal officially starts the contest. Once a ball is retrieved it must be taken behind the attack-line before it can be legally thrown.  A team is not required to have any players rush. There is no limit to how many balls an individual player may retrieve. Crossing over the centerline will result in an "out." Players may not physically grab and pull another player across the centerline. 


Timing and Winning a Game: Each game will consist of 11 5-minute rounds.  The first team to legally eliminate all opposing players will be declared the winner.  If neither team has been eliminated at the end of the 5 minutes, the team with the greater number of players remaining will be declared the winner.  An overtime period is 3 minutes. 


Time-outs and Substitutions: Each team will be allowed one (1) 30 second timeout per game. At this time a team may substitute players into the game.


5-Second Violation: In order to reduce stalling, a violation will be called if a team in the lead controls all six (6) balls on their side of the court for more than 5 seconds. This also applies to tied teams.


Rule Enforcement: During pool play or regular-season matches, rules will be enforced primarily by the "honor system"*. Players will be expected to rule whether or not a hit was legal or whether they were legally eliminated. All contests will be supervised by a court monitor*. The court monitor’s responsibility will be to rule on any situation in which teams cannot agree. THE COURT MONITOR’S DECISION IS FINAL – NO EXCEPTIONS.


*NOTE: During tournament play, All Semi-Final and Final Round matches will be officiated by no less than two (2) officials. These officials will rule on all legal hits, out-of-bounds and 5-second violations.


GSSS Code of Conduct

  1. Understand, appreciate and abide by the rules of the game.
  2. Respect the integrity and judgment of game officials and GSSS staff.
  3. Respect your opponent and congratulate them in a courteous manner following each match whether in victory or defeat.
  4. Be responsible for your actions and maintain self-control.
  5. Do not taunt or bait opponents and refrain from using foul or abusive language.

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